原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.i8yj.com 翻譯:科科 轉載請注明出處
論壇地址:http://www.i8yj.com/bbs/thread-485008-1-1.html

The U.S. Navy Wants 32 More Nuclear Attack Submarines in the Next 15 Years

美國海軍希望在未來15年內再增加32艘攻擊型核潛艇



Destroying enemy surface ships and submarines, “spying” close to enemy shores, bringing massive firepower to strategic areas and launching deadly undersea drones are all missions the Navy hopes to see more of in the future -- as the service plans to add as many as 32 attack submarines in just the next 15 years.

摧毀敵方水面艦艇以及潛艇,“秘密”接近敵人海岸,將大規模火力投送到戰略地區,發射致命的海底無人機都是海軍希望看到的未來任務——該服務計劃旨在在接下來的15年內增加多達32艘攻擊型潛艇。

Overall, the addition of attack submarines represents the largest overall platform increase within the Navy’s ambitious plan to grow the fleet to 355 ships.

總的來說,在海軍雄心勃勃的計劃中,增加攻擊型潛艇是最大的作戰平臺的增加,海軍計劃將艦隊艦艇數量增加到355艘。

“Battle force inventory reaches 301 in 2020 and 355 in 2034,” Lt. Cmdr. Kevin Chambers, told Warrior Maven.

“2020年,作戰部隊的艦艇庫存將達到301艘,2034年達到355艘。”凱文·錢伯斯中校向Warrior Maven表示。

New Navy submarines are hosting an array of breakthrough technologies designed to carve a path into future maritime war; these include more firepower such as Tomahawk missiles and torpedoes, added electrical power for emerging systems such as drones and AI-enabled sensors, navigation and ship defenses.

新的海軍潛艇承載著一系列突破性的技術,旨在開辟一條通往未來海洋戰爭的道路;這些措施包括增強戰斧導彈和魚雷等火力,為無人機和AI傳感器等新興系統、導航系統和艦船防御系統提供電力。



There are many reasons why attack submarines are increasingly in demand; undersea vehicles are often able to conduct reconnaissance missions closer to targets than large-draft surface ships can. Forward positioning enables them to be “stealthier” in coastal areas, inlets or islands. As part of this, they can also move substantial firepower, in the form of Tomahawk missiles, closer to inland targets.

攻擊型潛艇越來越受歡迎的原因有很多;水下航行器通常比大型水面航行器能夠執行更接近目標的偵察任務。前沿定位使它們能夠在沿海地區、海灣或島嶼附近“更隱蔽”。作為這一計劃的一部分,他們還可以將大量火力(以戰斧導彈的形式)轉移到離內陸目標更近的地方。

Not only is the Navy adding substantial firepower to its fleet of attack submarines, but the service is further emphasizing enhanced “spy” like intelligence, surveillance reconnaissance missions. By leveraging an ability to operate closer to enemy shorelines and threat areas than most surface ships, attack submarines can quietly patrol shallow waters near enemy coastline - scanning for enemy submarines, surface ships and coastal threats.

美國海軍不僅為其攻擊潛艇艦隊增加了大量火力,而且還進一步強調加強情報、監視偵察等“間諜”任務。通過利用一種比大多數水面艦艇更能接近敵人海岸線和威脅區域的能力,攻擊型潛艇可以在敵人海岸線附近的淺水區靜靜地巡邏——掃描敵人潛艇、水面艦艇和海岸威脅。

Improved undersea navigation and detection technology, using new sonar, increased computer automation and artificial intelligence, enable quieter, faster movements in littoral waters where enemy mines, small boats and other threatening assets often operate.

改進后的海底導航和探測技術,使用新的聲納,增加計算機自動化和人工智能,使潛艇能夠在敵方水雷密布、小船和其他具備威脅性的船只作業的沿海水域更安靜、更快地移動。

Virginia-Class submarines are engineered with a “Fly-by-Wire” capability which allows the ship to quietly linger in shallow waters without having to surface or have each small move controlled by a human operator.

弗吉尼亞級潛艇被設計成具有“自動駕駛”功能,可以讓潛艇在淺水區安靜地停留,而無需浮出水面,也無需人工操控每一個微小動作。



The US Navy’s published “Commander’s Intent for the United States Submarine Force,” published last year, writes - “We are uniquely capable of, and often best employed in, stealthy, clandestine and independent operations……. we exploit the advantages of undersea concealment which allow us to: , Conduct undetected operations such as strategic deterrent patrols, intelligence collection, Special Operations Forces support, non-provocative transits, and repositioning.”

美國海軍去年出版的《美國潛艇部隊指揮官意圖》一書中寫道:“我們有獨特的能力,而且往往最擅長于秘密和獨立的行動,我們利用海底隱蔽的優勢,使我們能夠進行未被發現的行動,例如戰略威懾巡邏、情報收集、特別行動部隊的支持、非挑釁性過境和重新部署。”

The Navy is implementing elements of this strategy with its recently launched USS South Dakota, a Block III Virginia-Class attack submarine engineered with a host of new, unprecedented undersea technologies, Navy officials said.

美國海軍官員說,美國海軍正在實施這一戰略的部分內容,最近服役的“南達科他州號”(USS South Dakota)攻擊型潛艇就是其中之一。